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FTTH and Smart Cities: The Inevitable Connection

25 October 2023
Melanie Gomersall

Trusted by:

Telecom Egypt
BC Hydro


National Grid
Open Fiber
TPX Communications
Ella Link
Red Iris
Surf Net

What is a Smart City?

A smart city is an urban area that uses digital technologies and data analytics to improve the quality of life for its residents. This is achieved by optimizing city functions and driving economic growth while ensuring sustainability and efficient resource utilization. But how did Smart Cities come about?

The Genesis of Smart Cities: From Science Fiction to Urban Blueprint

Urban settlements have continuously evolved, adapting to the aspirations, needs, and technologies of their times. From the intricate aqueducts of ancient Rome to the bustling railway networks of the industrial era, cities have always been a testament to human ingenuity. But in the latter half of the 20th century, a new vision began to emerge. As computers began to reshape industries, visionaries imagined: What if cities themselves were interconnected like a giant, intelligent machine? What if urban landscapes could think, learn, and respond? Thus, the idea of the “Smart City” was born. Over the years many more names have come about for Smart Cities. They are also known as:

  • Digital Cities
  • Connected Cities
  • Intelligent Cities
  • Next-gen Cities
  • Future Cities
  • Urban IoT (Internet of Things) Centers

But it’s more than just a buzzword, it’s the synthesis of centuries of urban development with the digital age’s cutting-edge technology. The vision, once a page out of a science fiction novel, is now an unfolding reality, promising a future where cities are not mere concrete jungles but vibrant, digital organisms in their own right. At the heart of this reality is the ever-growing symbiotic relationship between Fiber To The Home (FTTH) technology and the smart city concept. To understand this better, lets look at three examples of smart cities and one emerging smart city example:

Three Smart Cities using FTTH currently:

  1. Singapore: Often dubbed as the world’s first smart city, Singapore leverages extensive FTTH infrastructure to facilitate ultra-high-speed internet connectivity. This has enabled innovations such as real-time traffic analytics, smart waste management, and an integrated public transportation system.
  2. Barcelona, Spain: Barcelona is a classic example of a city transforming through digital innovation. With the backbone support of FTTH, the city has introduced initiatives like smart lighting, connected bus stops, and digitalized water management systems.
  3. Songdo, South Korea: Built from scratch, Songdo was designed as a smart city from its inception. Its FTTH framework has paved the way for integrated city management solutions, from smart traffic lights to advanced surveillance systems.

NEOM – the most ambitious and notable emerging Smart City

Overview: Announced in 2017, NEOM is a planned cross-border city in the Tabuk Province of northwestern Saudi Arabia. It is envisioned to be a hub for new technologies, businesses, and international tourism, spread across 26,500 square kilometers (around 10,230 square miles). The city is expected to extend into the territories of Jordan and Egypt.

Key Features:

  • Renewable Energy: NEOM aims to be powered entirely by renewable energy sources, including wind and solar. This aligns with Saudi Arabia’s vision to diversify its economy and reduce its dependence on oil.
  • Innovative Transportation: Plans for NEOM include cutting-edge transportation systems, such as hyperloop, autonomous vehicles, and drone taxis.
  • Advanced Infrastructure: The city plans to incorporate smart infrastructure at every level, including smart grids, smart waste management, and IoT-integrated buildings.
  • Robotics: It has been claimed that NEOM will have more robots than humans, handling a wide range of tasks from basic services to advanced operations.
  • Global Hub: NEOM aims to be a global hub for various industries, including entertainment, biotech, food, and advanced manufacturing.
  • Economic Vision: With its strategic location, NEOM is intended to strengthen the region’s role in key global economic sectors and trade routes.

Essentials for a Smart City

FTTH is not just a luxury but a necessity for smart cities. It provides the foundation upon which many of the city’s smart functionalities are built, ensuring that they operate efficiently, reliably, and securely.


  1. Smart Grids: Efficient electricity distribution using real-time data analytics.
  2. Smart Water Management: Real-time monitoring and management of water resources.
  3. Waste Management: Automated waste collection and processing.


  1. Transport: Smart traffic lights, connected public transport, and parking solutions.
  2. Buildings: Energy-efficient and connected buildings.
  3. Public Spaces: Digitalized parks and recreation areas.


  1. Data Centers: Storing and processing citywide data.
  2. Sensors: Distributed across the city to gather various data points.
  3. Communication Networks: FTTH, 5G, and other advanced connectivity solutions.


  1. Surveillance Systems: Advanced cameras and monitoring systems.
  2. Cybersecurity Measures: Protecting data and digital infrastructure.
  3. Emergency Response: Digitally integrated response systems.

Digital Service Layers:

  1. Service Portals: Online portals for citizens to access city services.
  2. Digital ID and Payments: Seamless and secure methods for identification and transactions.
  3. Open Data Platforms: Platforms that allow developers to access city data and develop applications.
FTTH and smart cities vc4

The connection between FTTH, Smart Cities and Network Inventory Management

In essence, while FTTH is a pivotal technology in establishing the foundational digital infrastructure of a smart city, its implications go far beyond mere connectivity. When combined with advanced Network Inventory Management practices, it promises a future where cities are not just connected but are truly sentient entities, responding in real-time to the needs and aspirations of their inhabitants.

Network inventory management is more than just managing cables and routers within the network. Think of it as the city’s digital nervous system. Every bit of data, every connected device, and every digital service relies on this infrastructure. FTTH, with its high-speed capabilities, becomes the lifeblood of this system, enabling a multitude of advanced functionalities.

Advanced Benefits of FTTH in Network Inventory Management:

Predictive Maintenance: With the use of AI and machine learning, FTTH can help predict possible network outages or issues before they happen. The high-speed data transfer allows real-time monitoring of network health, enabling pre-emptive actions to maintain service continuity.

Dynamic Network Reconfiguration: Cities are ever-evolving entities. As new areas develop or old ones undergo transformation, FTTH networks can be dynamically reconfigured to address changing data needs, ensuring optimal service delivery.

Enhanced Security Protocols: With the rise of cyber threats, the security of a city’s digital infrastructure is paramount. FTTH facilitates advanced encryption and security protocols, ensuring that data transfers remain secure. This is essential for sensitive data like surveillance footage, emergency response communications, and personal citizen data.

Integrated IoT Ecosystem: As cities become smarter, the number of IoT devices – from traffic sensors to personal wearables – will skyrocket. FTTH ensures that these devices can communicate without lag, providing an integrated ecosystem where real-time data from millions of sources can be processed and acted upon simultaneously.

Augmented Reality (AR) & Virtual Reality (VR) Integration: Future smart cities might use AR and VR for various services, from urban planning to emergency response drills. FTTH provides the necessary bandwidth and speed for seamless AR and VR experiences, unlocking new possibilities in city management and citizen engagement.

Simply put, FTTH, when combined with advanced Network Inventory Management practices, promises a future where cities are not just connected but are truly sentient entities, responding in real-time to the needs and aspirations of their inhabitants.

Network Inventory Management from VC4

VC4’s powerful software, IMS, is robust, agile and adaptable for Smart Cities. From planning and design of the telecom networks (Fiber, FTTH, FTTX, GPON and more), to maintenance and management, reporting, and analysis, IMS is truly a very dynamic and worthwhile investment for any Smart City. For more information on IMS, visit the VC4 website and explore the ten modules that can help build future cities for the next generation.